Egyptian Security Police Arrest, Harass Local Christians
Former Muslims Jailed in Cairo

by Barbara G. Baker

ISTANBUL, October 15 (Compass) -- A letter smuggled out of Cairo's Mazraa 
Tora Prison last month confirmed that an Egyptian convert to Christianity 
who disappeared five months ago has been imprisoned on criminal charges.

In a handwritten letter obtained by Compass last week, Hisham Samir Abdel 
Latif Ibrahim, 26, confirmed that he had been arrested in early May by 
Egyptian security police. According to the letter written on September 17 
to a Coptic Christian cleric, Ibrahim has been accused of falsifying his 
identity papers and reviling Islam.

Ibrahim said that after his arrest, he had been questioned for a total of 
52 days in the Gaber Ibn Hayan and El Gehaz Madinet Nasser branches of the 
State Security Investigation (SSI) in Cairo.

I was told that a man called Adel had informed them about me, Ibrahim 
wrote. He stated he had been interrogated daily by SSI officers, who named 
a person they claimed had issued new Christian identity papers for him.

Born in Alexandria into a Muslim family, Ibrahim is believed to have 
obtained Christian I.D. papers on the basis of a newly issued birth 
certificate identifying him as Milad Mahrous Habib Agayby. Egyptian Muslims 
are forbidden by law to change their religious identity, although open 
incentives are offered to encourage Christian citizens to convert to Islam.

According to acquaintances in Cairo, Ibrahim became a Christian in 1996 
through listening to the Christian radio program Yanabi El Sahara 
(Fountains in the Desert).

In his letter, Ibrahim said he had appeared three times before a state 
prosecutor while under arrest. The legal charges against him were filed 
under Case No. 1092, initially opened in 2001, he said.

Ibrahim also reported that he had met or heard about two other former 
Muslims also under arrest for converting to Christianity, both from Port Said.

Ibrahim said Mohammed Hegazy, a Christian convert from Port Said, was being 
detained in the Mazraa Tora prison with him. The Port Said man was accused 
of insulting an officer of Egypt's security police, Ibrahim said, and was 
scheduled to appear September 18 before a state prosecutor to answer the 
charges.

Earlier this year, Hegazy published Sherine's Laugh, a thin volume of 31 
poems he had written in colloquial Arabic. In one of the poems entitled 
Ashraf Pasha, Hegazy recalled the severe mistreatment he had suffered at 
the hands of Ashraf Ma'alouf, an SSI officer who reportedly arrested, 
interrogated and tortured him for converting to Christianity.

Ibrahim also said he had been told by the prosecutor before whom he 
appeared that a woman convert from Port Said, identified only as Sara, had 
been arrested. But I don t know if she is still detained or not, he wrote.

Coptic Family Under Related Attack
Before his disappearance on May 7, Ibrahim had been living with Shafik 
Labeb Ishaq and his wife Violet, a Christian couple active in an 
evangelical Coptic church in Cairo. Since March, the couple and their three 
daughters have been subjected to repeated harassment by both security 
police and local Muslim extremists.

An accountant for an Egyptian communications company, Ishaq confirmed that 
several times during March security police officers summoned him and his 
wife for interrogation, sometimes late at night or even at dawn. The police 
also came knocking at their door at odd hours of the night, always claiming 
to be searching for unknown individuals.

At the same time, the family received warning notes and dozens of obscene 
telephone calls, threatening to kidnap and rape their youngest daughter 
Sarah, 14. Repeated attempts were made by young Muslim men to convince 
Sarah she should run away, leave her faith and become a Muslim.

Then on April 8, fanatic Muslims in the neighborhood managed to kidnap 
Sarah for four days. Although her parents located her and forced the 
captors to return their daughter, a similar attempt was made on July 
28. Again on August 16, a veiled Muslim woman tried to force her way into 
the home where Sarah was staying.

To protect Sarah from being forcibly converted to Islam, Ishaq and his wife 
obtained travel documents and sent her on August 27 to England, where she 
remains in an undisclosed location until the rest of her family can leave 
Egypt to join her.

Sarah was exposed to danger, the Ishaq family s pastor confirmed in a 
written statement from Cairo, and even the lives of her family are also in 
danger.

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